The Indian Vedic astrology is divided into two main types, the North Indian Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart type and the South Indian Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart type. The North Indian Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart type is a house-based chart whereas the South Indian Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart is sign-based. Let us understand the differences between these two Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart types.

As said previously, the North Indian Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart has a house-based chart, this means that the houses always stay in the same position and the signs move. The South Indian Horoscope/Kundli/Birth Chart is a sign-based chart and varies from North because the signs are stagnant and the houses move as per the planetary positions.

**The North Indian Chart Type**

The signs are denoted in the North Indian Chart Type through the symbol of the sign or through number of the zodiac, with 1 being Aries, 2 being Taurus, so on and so forth. The houses are triangle and diamond shaped, with the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th houses being full diamond shape and the remaining houses of triangle shape. In the North Indian Chart, the first house or ascendant house is always at the top. The triangle-shaped houses influence the 4 houses and allow you to see how they affect the person.

**The South Indian Chart Type**

The South Indian Chart always starts with Aries in the second box from the top left with other signs following in clock-wise fashion. As it is a sign-based chart, the position of signs never waver. It is often difficult to determine the first house or ascendant house, as the position of houses differ. Each house is equally divided, spanning 30 degrees, so the 12 houses make 360-degrees. The first house is marked by putting a diagonal line or writing “lagna” in Sanskrit. The influence of planets can be easily determined in this chart type because you just have to see the cluster of 4 planets in the upper left hand corner of the chart to know which planets have most influence on the ascendant.

**Divisional charts**

The Brhat Parasara Horasastra defines sixteen divisional schemes, each named according to the denominator of the fraction specific to the division. Thus, the integral fraction is division by 1, which yields, trivially, 12 regions of the zodiac corresponding to the 12 signs themselves: perforce this *varga* scheme is named rasi. Similarly, a divisor of 2 defines 24 regions; the name hora, derived from the word (aho-ratra) meaning day-night by removing the first (a) and last sounds (tra) {Reference: Saravali by Kalyanaverma (Sanskrit Classic)}, is etymologically related to the analogous 24 hours in a day. The divisor of 3 defining 36 regions, named *dreshkana*, is similarly related to the Decans of Chaldean horology.

**DIVISIONAL CHARTS PURPOSE**

Various divisional charts which signify a particular important aspect of a native. They certainly influence the native’s life in a particular area.

- The natal chart which is otherwise called Rasi Chart or D1 shows all matters concerning the native in general.
- The Hora Chart D2 indicates wealth and money matters.
- The Drekkana chart D3 indicates siblings, diseases pointing out a particular part and of course death.
- The Chadurthamsa or D4 chart indicates places of residence, property owned and fortune in general.
- The Panchamsa chart or D5 indicates fame, authority and followers.
- The Shashtamsa chart or D6 indicates the challenges that are likely to face by native on the health front.
- The Sapthamsa chart or D7 will allow the astrologer to find out everything related to children and grandchildren.
- The Ashtamsa chart or D8 indicates sudden and unexpected experiences and troubles including litigation.
- The Navamsa chart or D9 shows marriage and all matters related to one’s spouse, to one’s own dharma, interpersonal and basic skills.
- The Dasamsa chart or D10 shows career and achievements of a native in a society.
- The Ekadasamsa chart or D11 indicates death and destruction.
- The Dwadasamsa chart or D12 shows everything related to parents and all their blood relatives.
- The Shodasamsa chart or D16 indicates vehicles, pleasures and discomforts of a native.
- The Vimsamsa chart of D20 indicates religious involvement of a native and his spiritual evolution.
- The Chaturvimsamsa chart of D24 indicates learning, knowledge and formal education of a native.
- The Nakshatramsa chart or D27 indicates strengths and weaknesses inherent in a person’s nature.
- The Trimsamsa chart or D30 shows all evils, punishments, past karma, some diseases etc.
- The Khavedamsa chart or D40 indicates auspicious and inauspicious events, mother and her ancestors etc.
- The Akshavedamsa chart or D45 indicates fortune, father and his ancestors and also religious activities of a native.
- The Shashtiamsa chart or D60 indicates the actions and karma of past life.

**Divisional Charts**

**1.1 Divisions of A Rasi**

Each rasi has many divisions. Divisions of rasis are again mapped to rasis. For example, a rasi may be divided into 4 parts and each part may be mapped to a different rasi. Ar may be divided into 4 parts and the 4 parts may be mapped to Ar, Cn, Li and Cp. Then the 4 parts of Ta may be mapped to Ta, Le, Sc and Aq. And so on. Like this, we may divide all rasis into 4 parts and map the 4 parts to different rasis. We may also divide rasis to 9 parts and map each part into a rasi. We can have many different divisions.

Sage Parasara defined 16 different divisions of rasis. Jaimini and Tajaka writers mentioned 4 more divisions. It is possible that Parasara also dealt with these 4 special divisions in sections that are perhaps missing today. In addition, there are more higher and finer divisions that are normally not used. Based on the rasis occupied by planets in various divisions, “divisional charts” are drawn. As we have seen before, we need to know the rasis occupied by planets,

upagrahas, lagna and special lagnas to draw any chart. In every division, we divide the rasi into different parts, find the part containing each planet and see the rasi to which that part is mapped. Then we place the planet in that rasi in the chart corresponding to that division. We can draw a chart for each division. A planet can occupy different rasis in different divisions.

Chart of each division is called a divisional chart. Each divisional chart can be treated as a different chart and interpreted differently. Different aspects of life are seen in different divisional charts. Rasi chart is simply a special case of divisional charts. If we divide each rasi into just one part (*i.e. *in effect, no division), we get rasi chart.

In the rest of this book, everything we describe will be applicable to all divisional charts, unless we explicitly state a chart. We can apply all the principles to all the divisional charts, but we should see only specific matters in a divisional chart. The 52 Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach list of matters to be seen in each divisional chart will be given after the details of computation are presented. In this book, D-*n *will denote the divisional chart based on the *n*th division of rasis, *i.e. *based on dividing rasis into *n *parts.

**1.2 Computing Divisional Charts**

We will explain the computation of 20 divisional charts in this section.

**1.2.1 Rasi Chart (D-1)**

A simple example of divisions is **rasi chart **itself. It is also called “**kshetra chakra**". It is denoted by D-1. Longitudes in the range 0°-30° are mapped to Aries, 30°-60° to Taurus and so on, as mentioned earlier. Using Table 1, we can find the rasi occupied by a body based on its longitude. By “body” here, we mean planets, upagrahas, lagna or special lagnas – basically a physical or a mathematical point in the zodiac that has a longitude associated with it.

**1.2.2 Hora Chart (D-2)**

Each rasi is divided into 2 equal parts of 15° each. Bodies in the first 15° of odd rasis are in Sun’s hora. Bodies in the second 15° of odd rasis are in Moon’s hora. Bodies in the first 15° of even rasis are in Moon’s hora. Bodies in the second 15° of even rasis are in Sun’s hora.

NOTE: Though absolutely correct, the above is not quite complete. Proper use of hora chart is beyond the scope of this book. So we will ignore and not use hora chart in this book.

**1.2.3 Drekkana Chart (D-3)**

Each rasi is divided into 3 equal parts of 10° each. Bodies in the first 10° of a rasi are placed in drekkana chart in the same rasi. Bodies in the middle 10° of a rasi are placed in drekkana chart in the 5th from the rasi. Bodies in the last 10° of a rasi are placed in drekkana chart in the 9th from the rasi.

**Example 11: **Let us say Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are together in Gemini in rasi chart. Mercury is at 3°. Jupiter is at 19°. Venus is at 21°. Then Mercury is in the first 10° (0°-10°), Jupiter is in the middle 10° (10°-20°) and Venus is in the last 10° (20°-30°). So Mercury is placed in Gemini itself in drekkana chart; Jupiter is placed in Libra (5th from Gemini) in drekkana chart; and, Venus is placed in Aquarius (9th from Gemini) in drekkana chart.

**1.2.4 Chaturthamsa Chart (D-4)**

Each rasi is divided into 4 equal parts of 7.5° each. Bodies in the first, second, third and fourth 7.5° arc of a rasi are in the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th from that rasi (respectively) in chaturthamsa. In other words, planets in 0°-7.5° in a rasi go into 1st from that rasi; planets in 7.5°-15° go into 4th from that rasi; planets in 15°-22.5° go into the 7th from that rasi; and, planets in the 22.5°-30° go into the 10th from that rasi. This chart is also known as **Chaturamsa **or **Turyamsa**.

**Example 12: **Let us say Mercury, Jupiter and Venus are together in Taurus. Mercury is at 3°, Jupiter is at 14° and Venus is at 23°.

Mercury is in 0°-7.5° arc, *i.e. *the first 7.5° arc, of Ta. So he is in Ta (1st from Ta) in D-4.

Jupiter is in 7.5°-15° arc, *i.e. *the second 7.5° arc, of Ta. So he is in Le (4th from Ta) in D-4.

Venus is in 22.5°-30° arc, *i.e. *the fourth 7.5° arc, of Ta. So he is in Aq (10th from Ta) in D-4.

**1.2.5 Panchamsa Chart (D-5)**

Each rasi is divided into 5 equal parts of 6° each. Bodies in the 5 parts of an odd rasi go into Ar, Aq, Sg, Ge and Li (respectively). Bodies in the 5 parts of an even rasi go into Ta, Vi, Pi, Cp and Sc (respectively).

**1.2.6 Shashthamsa Chart (D-6)**

Each rasi is divided into 6 equal parts of 5° each. Bodies in the 6 parts of a rasi go into the 6 rasis starting from Ar or Li, based on whether the rasi is odd or even.

**Example 13: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 3rd part of the rasi and 19° is in the 4th part of the rasi. Ge is an odd rasi and counting starts from Ar. The 3rd from Ar is Ge. So the 3rd part in Ge goes into Ge in D-6. On the other hand, Sc is an even rasi and counting starts from Li. The 4th from Li is Cp. So the 4th part of Sc goes into Cp in D-6. So Mercury is in Ge and Jupiter is in Cp in D-6 for this example.

**1.2.7 Saptamsa Chart (D-7)**

Each rasi is divided into 7 equal parts of 4° 17' 8.57''. Bodies in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th parts of a rasi go into the 7 rasis starting from the rasi itself, if it is an odd rasi, or starting from the 7th sign from it, if it is an even rasi.

**Example 14: **Let us say Mercury is at 10° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Vi. We see that 10° is in the 3rd part of the rasi and 19° is in the 5th part of the rasi. Because Ge is an odd rasi, the 3rd part in Ge goes into the 3rd from Ge, *i.e. *Le. On the other hand, Vi is an even sign and counting starts from the 7th from it, *i.e. *Pi. The 5th from Pi is Cn. So the 5th part of Vi goes into Cn. So Mercury is in Le and Jupiter is in Cn in D-7 for this example.

**1.2.8 Ashtamsa Chart (D-8)**

Each rasi is divided into 8 equal parts of 3° 45' each. Bodies in the eight parts of a rasi go into the 8 rasis starting from Ar, Sg or Le, based on whether the rasi is a movable, fixed or dual sign.

Part 1: Chart Analysis 55

**Example 15: **Let us say Mercury is at 10° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 10° is in the 3rd part of the rasi and 19° is in the 6th part of the rasi. Because Ge is a dual rasi, counting starts from Le. The 3rd from Le is Li. So the 3rd part in Ge goes into Li in D-8. On the other hand, Sc is a fixed sign and counting starts from Sg. The 6th from Sg is Ta. So the 6th part of Sc goes into Ta in D-8. So Mercury is in Le and Jupiter is in Ta in D-8 for this example.

**1.2.9 Navamsa Chart (D-9)**

Each rasi is divided into 9 equal parts of 3° 20' each. Bodies in the 9 parts of a rasi go into the 9 rasis starting from Ar, Cp, Li or Cn, based on whether the rasi is a fiery, earthy, airy or watery sign. This chart is also known as **Dharmamsa**. It is the most popular chart after rasi chart and some astrologers simply refer to it as “Amsa” (division).

**Example 16: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 4th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 6th part of the rasi. Because Ge is an airy rasi, counting starts from Li. The 4th from Li is Cp. So the 4th part in Ge goes into Cp in D-9. On the other hand, Sc is a watery sign and counting starts from Cn. The 6th from Cn is Sg. So the 6th part of Sc goes into Sg in D-9. So Mercury is in Cp and Jupiter is in Sg in D-9 for this example.

**1.2.10 Dasamsa Chart (D-10)**

Each rasi is divided into 10 equal parts of 3° each. Bodies in the 10 parts of a rasi go into the 10 rasis starting from the rasi itself or the 9th from it, based on whether the rasi is an odd or even sign.

This chart is also known as **Dasamaamsa **or **Karmamsa **or **Swargamsa**.

**Example 17: **Let us say Mercury is at 10° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 10° is in the 4th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 7th part of the rasi. Because Ge is an odd rasi, counting starts from Ge itself. The 4th from Ge is Vi. So the 4th part in Ge goes into Vi in D-10. On the other hand, Sc is an even sign and counting starts 56 Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach from the 9th from it, *i.e. *Cn. The 7th from Cn is Cp. So the 7th part of Sc goes into Cp in D-10. So Mercury is in Vi and Jupiter is in Cp in D-10 for this example.

**1.2.11 Rudramsa Chart (D-11)**

Each rasi is divided into 11 equal parts of 2° 43' 38'' each. Count rasis from Ar to the rasi being divided, in the zodiacal order. Count the same number of rasis antizodiacally 11 from Ar. Bodies in the 11 parts of the rasi go into the 11 rasis starting from the rasi found thus.

This chart is also known as **Ekadasamsa**.

**Example 18: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 5th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 7th part of the rasi. In the case of Ge, it is the 3rd rasi from Ar. The 3rd rasi from Ar in the reverse order is Aq. So counting starts from the Aq. The 5th from Aq is Ge. So the 5th part in Ge goes into Ge in D-11. In the case of Sc, it is the 8th rasi from Ar. Counting the 8th rasi from Ar in the reverse order, we get Vi. So counting starts from Vi. The 7th from Vi is Pi. So the 7th part of Sc goes into Pi in D-11. So Mercury is in Ge and Jupiter is in Pi in D-11 for this example.

**1.2.12 Dwadasamsa Chart (D-12)**

Each rasi is divided into 12 equal parts of 2° 30' each. Bodies in the 12 parts of a rasi go into the 12 rasis starting from the rasi itself.

**Example 19: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 5th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 8th part of the rasi. The 5th from Ge is Li. So the 5th part in Ge goes into Li in D-12. The 8th from Sc is Ge. So the 8th part of Sc goes into Ge in D-12. So Mercury is in Li and Jupiter is in Ge in D-12 for this example.

**1.2.13 Shodasamsa Chart (D-16)**

Each rasi is divided into 16 equal parts of 1° 52' 30'' each. Bodies in the 16 parts of a rasi go into the 16 rasis starting from Ar, Le and Sg, based on whether the rasi is movable, fixed or dual. When counting rasis from a given rasi, we go zodiacally. After going over the 12 rasis from a rasi, we get the same rasi as the 13th rasi. So the 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th rasis from a rasi are simply the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th rasis. This chart is also known as **Kalamsa**.

**Example 20: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 6th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 11th part of the rasi. Ge is a dual rasi and we start counting from Sg. The 6th from Sg is Ta. So the 6th part in Ge goes into Ta in D-16. On the other hand, Sc is a fixed sign and we start counting from Le. The 11th from Le is Ge. So the 11th part of Sc goes into Ge in D-16. So Mercury is in Ta and Jupiter is in Ge in D-16 for this example.

**1.2.14 Vimsamsa Chart (D-20)**

Each rasi is divided into 20 equal parts of 1° 30' each. Bodies in the 20 parts of a rasi go into the 20 rasis starting from Ar, Sg and Le, based on whether the rasi is movable, fixed or dual.

**Example 21: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 8th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 13th part of the rasi. Because Ge is a dual rasi, we start counting from Le. The 8th from Le is Pi. So the 8th part in Ge goes into Pi in D-20. On the other hand, Sc is a fixed sign and the counting starts from Sg. The 13th from Sg is Sg itself (13th = 1st, after removing 12). So the 13th part of Sc goes into Sg in D-20. So Mercury is in Pi and Jupiter is in Sg in D-20 for this example.

**1.2.15 Chaturvimsamsa Chart (D-24)**

Each rasi is divided into 24 equal parts of 1° 15' each. Bodies in the 24 parts of a rasi go into the 24 rasis starting from Le or Cn, based on whether the rasi is odd or even. This chart is also called **Siddhamsa**.

**Example 22: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 9th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 16th part of the rasi. Ge is an odd rasi and counting starts from Le. The 9th from Le is Ar. So the 9th part in Ge goes into Ar in D-24. On the other hand, Sc is an even rasi and counting starts from Cn. The 16th from Cn is Li (16th = 4th, after removing 12). So the 16th part of Sc goes into Li in D-24. So Mercury is in Ar and Jupiter is in Li in D-24 for this example.

**1.2.16 Nakshatramsa Chart (D-27)**

Each rasi is divided into 27 equal parts of 1° 6' 40'' each. Bodies in the 27 parts of a rasi go into the 12 rasis starting from Ar, Cn, Li and Cp based on whether the rasi is a fiery, earthy, airy or watery rasi. This chart is also called **Saptavimsamsa **or **Bhamsa**.

**Example 23: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 10th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 18th part of the rasi. Because Ge is an airy rasi, counting starts from Li. The 10th from Li is Le. So the 10th part in Ge goes into Le in D-27. On the other hand, Sc is a watery sign and counting starts from Cp. The 18th from Cp is Ge (18th = 6th, after removing 12). So the 18th part of Sc goes into Ge in D-27. So Mercury is in Le and Jupiter is in Ge in D-27 for this example.

**1.2.17 Trimsamsa Chart (D-30)**

D-30 positions of planets are computed based on the following rules:

Odd Rasis:

• Bodies in 0°-5° in odd rasis are placed in Ar in D-30.

• Bodies in 5°-10° in odd rasis are placed in Aq in D-30.

• Bodies in 10°-18° in odd rasis are placed in Sg in D-30.

• Bodies in 18°-25° in odd rasis are placed in Ge in D-30.

• Bodies in 25°-30° in odd rasis are placed in Li in D-30.

Even Rasis:

• Bodies in 0°-5° in even rasis are placed in Ta in D-30.

• Bodies in 5°-12° in even rasis are placed in Vi in D-30.

• Bodies in 12°-20° in even rasis are placed in Pi in D-30.

• Bodies in 20°-25° in even rasis are placed in Cp in D-30.

• Bodies in 25°-30° in even rasis are placed in Sc in D-30.

**1.2.18 Khavedamsa Chart (D-40)**

Each rasi is divided into 40 equal parts of 45' each. Bodies in the 40 parts of a rasi go into the 40 rasis starting from Ar or Li, based on whether the rasi is odd or even. This chart is also called **Chatvarimsamsa**.

**Example 24: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 15th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 26th part of the rasi. Because Ge is an odd rasi, counting starts from Ar. The 15th from Ar is Ge (15th = 3rd, after removing 12). So the 15th part in Ge goes into Ge in D-40. On the other hand, Sc is an even rasi and counting starts from Li. The 26th from Li is Sc (26th = 2nd, after removing multiples of 12). So the 26th part of Sc goes into Sc in D-40. So Mercury is in Ge and Jupiter is in Sc in D-40 for this example.

**1.2.19 Akshavedamsa Chart (D-45)**

Each rasi is divided into 45 equal parts of 40' each. Bodies in the 45 parts of a rasi go into the 45 rasis starting from Ar, Le or Sg, based on whether the rasi is a movable, fixed or dual rasi.

This chart is also called **Pancha-chatvarimsamsa**.

**Example 25: **Let us say Mercury is at 11° in Ge and Jupiter is at 19° in Sc. We see that 11° is in the 17th part of the rasi and 19° is in the 29th part of the rasi. Because Ge is a dual rasi, we start counting from Sg. The 17th from Sg is Ar (17th = 5th, after removing 12). So the 17th part in Ge goes into Ar in D-45. On the other hand, Sc is a fixed rasi and counting starts from Le. The 29th from Le is Sg. So the 29th part of Sc 60 Vedic Astrology: An Integrated Approach goes into Sg in D-45. So Mercury is in Ar and Jupiter is in Sg in D-45 for this example.